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Arisu Cultural Heritage

Waterworks Museum

The starting point of Korea’s waterworks system –
The Waterworks Museum is where the dream of enriching Seoul begins! As the first water purification plant in Korea, the Water Purification Plant No. 1 at Ttukdo Water Reservoir was built in 1980 when Emperor Gojong granted the patent right for the installation and management of waterworks to Americans Collbran and Bostwick. On September 1 of the same year, up to 12,500 tons of water was supplied to the residents in Yongsan and the area surrounded by the four gates of old Seoul. This marked the beginning of the history of waterworks services in Seoul.

Main Building of the Waterworks Museum

The beautiful arch-shaped main entrance, built with granite and red bricks, is a characteristic feature of modern architectural design.

The front view of a Main Building of the Waterworks Museum

Slow Filter Chamber

As the oldest steel-reinforced concrete structure that is present in Korea, it was used from 1908 to 1990. Upon its completion, this facility filtered impurities at a speed of approximately 4 m per day using an eco-friendly method based on sand and gravel. Together with the main building of the Waterworks Museum, it has been preserved as Tangible Cultural Heritage No. 72 designated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government.

The front view of a Slow Filter Chamber

Guui Purification Plants 1& 2 (Registered Cultural Heritage Number 358)

The GuuiArisu Purification Plant was completed in 1941 during the period of Japanese rule. This is the second water purification plant to be built in Seoul. In 2007, both Purification Plants 1 and 2 were designated as Cultural Heritage No. 358 and have been preserved to date.

<Water Purification Plant 1>

The front view of a Water Purification Plant 1

The construction of this plant, which started in 1936, took four years in Guui-dong, Gwangjin-gu of Seoul. It had originally been scheduled for completion in 1939. Since the construction was put on hold due to the Sino – Japanese War, however, the plant was completed in 1941.

<Water Purification Plant 2>

The front view of a Water Purification Plant 2

The construction of this plant was started in 1943 by the Japanesebut was put on hold after Korea’s independence from the Japanese rule and the Korean War. With construction resumed afterward, the plant was completed in 1959 with the country’s largest production capacity of 60,000 tons.